Hijri Shamsi (H.S.) & Anno Domini (A.D.) Calendars

This is a calendar reference for Hijri Shamsi (Afghan) and Anno Domini (Western Gregorian) calendars. The H.S. has been the official government calendar of Afghanistan since 1336 H.S. (1957 A.D.).
The H.S. year starts on the spring equinox.

Year H.S.

Start Date A.D.

Year H.S.

Start Date A.D.

Year H.S.

Start Date A.D.

1336 1957.3.21 1361 1982.3.21 1386 2007.3.21
1337 1958.3.21 1362 1983.3.21 1387 2008.3.20
1338 1959.3.21 1363 1984.3.21 1388 2009.3.21
1339 1960.3.21 1364 1985.3.21 1389 2010.3.21
1340 1961.3.21 1365 1986.3.21 1390 2011.3.21
1341 1962.3.21 1366 1987.3.21 1391 2012.3.20
1342 1963.3.21 1367 1988.3.21 1392 2013.3.21
1343 1964.3.21 1368 1989.3.21 1393 2014.3.21
1344 1965.3.21 1369 1990.3.21 1394 2015.3.21
1345 1966.3.21 1370 1991.3.21 1395 2016.3.20
1346 1967.3.21 1371 1992.3.21 1396 2017.3.21
1347 1968.3.21 1372 1993.3.21 1397 2018.3.21
1348 1969.3.21 1373 1994.3.21 1398 2019.3.21
1349 1970.3.21 1374 1995.3.21 1399 2020.3.20
1350 1971.3.21 1375 1996.3.20 1400 2021.3.21
1351 1972.3.21 1376 1997.3.21 1401 2022.3.21
1352 1973.3.21 1377 1998.3.21 1402 2023.3.21
1353 1974.3.21 1378 1999.3.21 1403 2024.3.20
1354 1975.3.21 1379 2000.3.20 1404 2025.3.21
1355 1976.3.21 1380 2001.3.21 1405 2026.3.21
1356 1977.3.21 1381 2002.3.21 1406 2027.3.21
1357 1978.3.21 1382 2003.3.21 1407 2028.3.20
1358 1979.3.21 1383 2004.3.20 1408 2029.3.21
1359 1980.3.21 1384 2005.3.21 1409 2030.3.21
1360 1981.3.21 1385 2006.3.21 1410 2031.3.21

 

Afghan Months

The months in the H.S. calendar are also different in name, start date, length compared to the Gregorian. The first six H.S. months are 31 days long, and the last six are typically 30 days long. The following table shows their typical relationship with Western month/dates.

Name (EN)

Name (DA)

Month Number

Zodiac

Typical Start Date

Hamal  حمل 1 Aries  March 21
Sawr  ثور 2 Taurus  April 21
Jawza  جوزا 3 Gemini  May 22
Saratan  سرطان 4 Cancer  June 22
Asad  اسد 5 Leo  July 23
Sonbola سنبله 6 Virgo  August 23
Mizan  میزان 7 Libra  September 23
‘Aqrab  عقرب 8 Scorpio  October 23
Qaws  قوس 9 Sagittarius  November 23
Jadi  جدی 10 Capricorn  December 23
Dalv  دلو 11 Aquarius  January 21
Hut  حوت 12 Pisces  February 20

 

Afghan Days of the Week

Afghan days of the week are often confusing for Westerners because Dushanbeh (second day) is not Tuesday. English-speakers classify “Tuesday” as the second day of the week, and therefore associate the “Tu” with the number “two”. This is incorrect. Western days of the week are actually named after pagan gods as celestial objects. In contrast, Afghan day-names are rather logical.

Day (EN)

Day (DA)

Afghan Meaning

Day (Western)

Germanic Meaning

Roman Meaning

Shanbeh شنبه Day Saturday Saturn’s Day Saturn
Yakshanbeh یکشنبه First Day Sunday Sun’s Day Sol
Dushanbeh دوشنبه Second Day Monday Moon’s Day Luna
Seshanbeh سه شنبه Third Day Tuesday Tyr’s Day Mars
Chahrshanbeh چهارشنبه Fourth Day Wednesday Wotan’s Day (Odin) Mercury
Panjshanbeh پنجشنبه Fifth Day Thursday Thor’s Day Jupiter (Iove)
Jum’eh جمعه Prayer Day Friday Freya’s Day Venus